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Schools: UK KS2

This is the index of timelines for UK Schools: Key Stage 2 (KS2)

For ease of reference the index below is laid out in a similar manner to the UK National Curriculum guidance. Each of the links below will take you to material specific to that topic.

During the key stage, pupils should be taught the Knowledge, skills and understanding through a local history study, three British history studies, a European history study and a world history study.

British History: The Romans, Anglo-Saxons and Vikings; Britain and the wider world in Tudor times; and either Victorian Britain or Britain since 1930. Aspects of the histories of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, where appropriate, and about the history of Britain in its European and wider world context, in these periods.

Local History Study

A study investigating how an aspect in the local area has changed over a long period of time, or how the locality was affected by a significant national or local event or development or by the work of a significant individual.

Aspects in the local area that have changed:

population movement
houses and housing
religious practices
treatment of the poor and care of the sick
law and order
sport and leisure

Effects of national events or developments:

prehistoric settlers
the building of a castle or the development of a town
the Civil War
the plague or a cholera epidemic
the settlement of people from different cultures in the area

Britain (Romans, Anglo-Saxons and Vikings)

An overview study of how British society was shaped by the movement and settlement of different peoples in the period before the Norman Conquest and an in-depth study of how British society was affected by Roman or Anglo-Saxon or Viking settlement. 

Effects of Roman settlement

The Roman Conquest and occupation of Britain.
Boudicca, Caratacus and resistance to Roman rule.
The building of Hadrian's Wall, roads, villas and towns by the Romans.
Roman settlement in the local area.

Effects of Anglo-Saxon Settlement

The arrival and settlement of the Anglo-Saxons.
The conversion to Christianity, the lives of monks and nuns (for example Bede and Hilda).
Religious beliefs and customs, including the Sutton Hoo and other ship burials, and myths and legends.
Anglo-Saxon settlement in the local area.

Effects of Viking Settlement

Viking raids and settlement.
King Alfred and Anglo-Saxon resistance to the Vikings.
King Cnut and the Danes.
Jorvik (York) and other Viking settlements.
Heroic poems and sagas.
Viking settlement in the local area.

Britain and the Wider World (in Tudor Times) 1485-1603

A study of some significant events and individuals, including Tudor monarchs, who shaped this period and of the everyday lives of men, women and children from different sections of society.

Significant Individuals and Events

Henry VIII.
Thomas More and the break with Rome.
Francis Drake and the Armada.
The reign of Elizabeth I and the roles played by Mary Queen of Scots and the Earl of Essex.
John Cabot and Sebastian Cabot.
Walter Raleigh and exploration.
William Shakespeare and the Elizabethan Theatre.

Everyday Life

Life for the rich and poor.
Differences between town and country life.
Ships and seafaring.
Merchants, traders and settlers.
Trade with Africa, Asia and America.
Food & entertainment (and music).
Medicine and Health.
Tudor buildings in the local area.
The impact of the closing down of a religious community on the local area.

Britain (Victorian Britain) 1819-1901

A study of the impact of significant individuals, events and changes in work and transport on the lives of men, women and children from different sections of society.

Impact of Significant Individuals and Events

Lord Shaftesbury and the welfare of children.
Robert Owen.
Elizabeth Fry and improving the lives of ordinary people.
Queen Victoria, Prince Albert and the Great Exhibition.
Florence Nightingale, Mary Seacole and the Crimean War.
Robert Stephenson, Isambard Kingdom Brunel and their impact on travel in Britain and to the wider world.
David Livingstone, Mary Kingsley and world exploration.
Alexander Graham Bell and the telephone.

Impact of Changes to Work and Transport

The factory system and working life for men, women and children.
Education in factories and schools.
The growth of industrial towns.
Service in the army, royal navy and merchant navy.
Ships and seafaring.
Rail travel, seaside holidays and entertainment.
The impact of the railways on the local area.
The impact of the building of factories on the local area.

Britain (since 1930)

A study of the impact of the Second World War or social and technological changes that have taken place since 1930, on the lives of men, women and children from different sections of society.

Impact of the Second World War

The Blitz and evacuation.
Serving in the land army or the home guard.
New technologies such as code breaking.
The Second World War in the local area.

Impact of Social and Technological Change

The depression.
The introduction of the National Health Service.
The Festival of Britain.
Immigration and emigration.
Living in new towns.
Fairer working and living conditions for all.
Impact of domestic appliances in the home.
Radio, cinema, television and John Logie Baird.
Car manufacture and Alec Issigonis.
Developments in aviation by people such as:
- Amy Johnson
- Frank Whittle.
New technologies.
Space travel.

European Study (Ancient Greece)

A study of the way of life, beliefs and achievements of the people living in Ancient Greece and the influence of their civilisation on the world today.

Aspects of the Way of Life

Arts and architecture.
Houses, cities and public buildings.
Citizens and slaves.
Education for girls and boys.
Medicine, health and hygiene.
Games and leisure including the Olympic Games.
Plays and the theatre.
Ships and trading.
Soldiers and warfare.

 Beliefs and Achievements

The city states of Athens and Sparta.
Gods and goddesses, myths, legends, beliefs and customs.
Pheidippides and the battle of Marathon.
Pericles and the building of the Parthenon.
The conquests of Philip of Macedon and Alexander the Great.
Great scholars and discoverers.

World Study (A Past Society)

A study of the key features, including the everyday lives of men, women and children, of a past society selected from: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Sumer, the Assyrian Empire, the Indus Valley, the Maya, Benin, or the Aztecs.

Key Features

Aspect: Egypt Sumer Assyrian Indus Maya Benin Aztecs
The society in relation to other contemporary societies. - - - - - - -
Chronology. - - - - - - -
The reasons for the rise and fall of the civilisation. - - - - - - -
Significant places and individuals. - - - - - - -
Distinctive contribution to history. - - - - - - -

Aspects of everyday life

Aspect: Egypt Sumer Assyrian Indus Maya Benin Aztecs
Houses and cities. - - - - - - -
Arts and architecture. - - - - - - -
Technology, work and leisure. - - - - - - -
Food, health and medicine. - - - - - - -
Pictures, words and communication. - - - - - - -
Rulers and ruled. - - - - - - -
Beliefs, customs and legends, gods and goddesses. - - - - - - -
Temples and tombs. - - - - - - -
Wealth and economy. - - - - - - -
Transport and exploration. - - - - - - -
Wars and warfare. - - - - - - -


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