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Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821)

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 15 Aug 1769  CENapoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), who is also known as the 'little Corsican"', was born in Ajaccio, Corsica.
    1796  CEBattle of Arcole when Napoleon's French forces beat Austrians in Italy.
    1796  CENapoleon Bonaparte marries Josephine de Beauharnais.
    1796  CENapoleon defeats Austria in Battle of Lodi Bridge.
    1797  CETreaty of Campo Formio signed by France and Austria after Napoleon's first campaign in Italy.
    1797  CENapoleon I's sister Elisa marries Felix Bacciochi.
 19 May 1798  CENapoleon sets sail, with the French fleet, for Egypt. There were 38,000 troops, 3,000 cavalry and 1,200 horses all aboard 400 transport ships. 150 scholars also accompanied the expedition.
  1 Jul 1798  CEThe French, led by Napoleon, began the invasion of Egypt when the French fleet arrived off the coast of Alexandria.
    1799  CENapoleon Bonaparte invades Syria.
    1799  CENapoloeon Bonaparte seizes power in France.
    1799  CEKing of Naples flees before the advancing French armies.
    1799  CENapolean captures Jaffa in Palestine.
 19 Feb 1800  CENapoleon Bonaparte proclaimed himself First Consul of France.
 27 Mar 1800  CEThe first of Napoleon's invasion-force scholars prepared to leave Egypt boarding a ship at Alexandria. They were carring with them many Egyption antiquities including the Rosetta Stone. The stone was confiscated by the British before they left.
    1800  CENapoleon I's sister Carolina marries King Joachim Murat of Naples.
    1802  CENapoleon appointed First Consul for Life
    1802  CENapoleon elected President of the Italian (Cisalpine) Republic.
    1803  CEBritain declares war on France after Napoleon Bonaparte continues interfering in Italy & Switzerland.
    1804  CENapoleon becomes the first French emperor, placing crown on his own head.
    1804  CESenate and Tribune declare Napolean leader of France.
    1805  CENapoleon defeats the Russians and the Austrians at Austerlitz.
    1805  CENapoleon is crowned king of Italy.
    1806  CENapoleon offered 100 thousand francs to anyone who could create sugar from a native plant. Russian chemist K. S. Kirchhof later discovered that sulfuric acid added to potato starch would make the conversion.
    1807  CENapoleon convenes the great Sanhedrin in Paris.
    1807  CENapoleon defeats Russians in battle of Eylau.
    1808  CEBayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders the seizure of US ships.
    1808  CENapoleon annexes Tuscany and gave it seats in French Senate.
    1808  CENapoleon's brother Joseph takes the throne of Spain.
 15 Dec 1809  CENapoleon Bonaparte divorce from Empress Josephine is announced by the French Senate.
    1809  CEBattle at Aspern-Essling when Austrian arch duke Karl beats Napoleon.
    1809  CENapolean I defeats Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria.
    1810  CEEmperor Napoleon is married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria.
    1810  CEThe French church annuls the marriage of Napoleon I and Josephine.
   Jun 1812  CEEconomic measures against Napoleonic France interfered with US trade and caused the War of 1812 between the USA and the UK.
 15 Aug 1812  CENapoleon's invasion of Russia begins when his army crosses the Denepr river .
 14 Sep 1812  CENapoleon occupies Moscow.
   Sep 1812  CEThe Fire of Moscow.
 18 Oct 1812  CENapoleon begins his retreat from Moscow.
 25 Nov 1812  CENapoleon's Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia.
  5 Dec 1812  CENapolean was forced to retreat from Russia by severe winter cold and scorched earth defence tactics, leaving his retreating army near Vilnius in Lithuania.
   Dec 1812  CERecently discoverd mass graves in Vilnius in Lithuania show that many of Napoleon's army died here from starvation and cold in thier retreat from Russia.
    1812  CESwedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon.
 27 Oct 1813  CEHumphrey Davy arrived in Paris with his wife and his assitant Michael Faraday. He received special dispensation from Napoleon to travel across France from 1813 to 1815 and with Faraday he travelled abroad investigating his theory of volcanic action.
   Oct 1813  CEThe French army loose the battle of Leipzig to the allies.
 31 Mar 1814  CEThe French to surrender in Paris to forces allied against Napoleon.
    1814  CEThe first Treaty of Paris, after Napoleon the first's abdication.
 26 Feb 1815  CENapoleon and 1,200 leave Elba to start the 100-day re-conquest of France.
 20 Mar 1815  CENapoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, and begins begins his 100-day rule.
 18 Jun 1815  CENapoleon is defeated by British forces under Wellington at the Battle of Warterloo.
 22 Jun 1815  CE2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo).
 16 Oct 1815  CENapoleon arrives on St Helena.
    1816  CEFrance decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever.
  5 May 1821  CEOn the small island of St. Helena, in the middle of the South Atlantic, Napoleon I Bonaparte (1769-1821), former Emperor of France, died.
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