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Joan of Arc

Joan of Arc (1412-1431)

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  6 Jan 1412  CEAccording to some sources, French heroine Joan of Arc (1412-1431) was born on this day as Jeanette d'Arc, in the French village of Domrémy. The Roman Catholic Church recognized Joan of Arc as a saint in 1920.
    1425  CESome time in 1425 Joan of Arc began to have visions: 'When I was thirteen, I had a voice from God to help me govern myself'.
   Feb 1429  CEJoan of Arc (1412?–1431), a French peasant girl and daughter of a farmer from the border of Champagne and Lorraine, set out to seeks the French leader and relates her divinely-inspired mission to drive the English out of France.
 29 Apr 1429  CEJoan of Arc was sent to fight the English who were besieging Orleans during the Hundred Years War. Legend has it that King Charles VII of France had a suit of armor made for Joan at a cost of 100 war horses. In 1996 a suit of armor was found and proposed to be Joan's armor.
  7 May 1429  CEEnglish siege of Orleans was broken by Joan of Arc.
  9 May 1429  CEJoan of Arc defeated the besieging English at Orleans.
   Sep 1429  CEJoan of Arc's attack on Paris fails.
 23 May 1430  CEJoan of Arc was captured by the Burgundians in a skirmish when she was defnding town of Compiegne.
 14 Jul 1430  CEJoan of Arc, taken prisoner by the Burgundians in May, was handed over to the English for trial for heresy.
   Jan 1431  CEJoan of Arc handed over to the Pierre Cauchon, the bishop of Beauvais and and Jean Lemaitre, vicar of the inquisitor of France. This began the first phase of her trial (an ecclesiastical investigation for heresy) which lasted until March.
   Apr 1431  CEBritain begins the second phase of her trial against Joan of Arc (for witchcraft and fraud) which lasts until May. She was finally condemned on a technicality, for persisting in wearing male clothing.
 28 May 1431  CEThe third phase of the trial against Joan of Arc began (trial as a relapsed heretic).
 30 May 1431  CEJoan of Arc, condemned as a relapsed heretic (a witch), was burned at the stake in Rouen, France. She was 19 years old.
  7 Jul 1456  CEUnder the impetus of Charles VII, then under that of her mother and finally under that of the Inquisition, a reinvestigation the trial of Joan of Arc and her condemnation was undertaken. A commission of ecclesiastical lawyers subsequently declared Joan's trial null and void, thereby freeing Joan from the taint of heresy.
 16 May 1920  CEJoan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc) canonized a saint in Rome.
 
Note 1: Events described with text like this have been entered from one source but have not yet been verified against a subsequent source ( Explain ).
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