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Games (0500-)

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c.    0532  CEPersina Emperor Khosrow's prime minister, Bozorgmehr, reportedly invented the game of backgammon.
    0950  CEBored women in a Chinese harem invent playing cards.
c.    1500  CEThe Aztecs played ollamalitzli. The game placed a rubber ball through a stone ring and the loser was often beheaded.
    1530  CEFlorence, Italy, held the first lottery.
    1530  CEThe Italian lottery game, Lo Giuoco del Lotto d'Italia, was begun.
    1540  CEThe first recorded race meet in England at Roodee Fields, Chester.
    1561  CERuy Lopez wrote the first manual of chess instruction.  
c.    1600  CE(Between 1600-1868) In Japan, during the Edo period, the ancient art of Sumo wrestling became a professional sport.
    1620  CEThe first merry-go-round seen at a fair in Philippapolis, Turkey.
    1653  CEAn athlete from Croydon is reported to have run 20 miles from St Albans to London in less than 90 minutes.
    1661  CEThe first Yacht race, England's King Charles vs his brother James.
    1665  CEThe first horse racing track in America was laid out on Long Island.
    1668  CEThe first horse race in America takes place.
    1681  CEThe first recorded boxing match was between Duke of Albemarle's butler and his butcher. 
    1716  CEThe first 'sculling' boat race took place on the river Thames from London Bridge to Chelsea in England.
    1722  CEThe game of Billiards is mentioned in the New England Courant.
    1733  CEThe first international boxing match between Bob Whittaker (who wins) and Tito di Carni. 
    1734  CEThe first American Jockey Club forms in South Carolina.
    1742  CEThe first British indoor swimming pool opens at Goodman's Fields in London.
    1743  CEEarliest prize fighting boxing code of rules formulated in England by Jack Broughton.
    1744  CEThe rules were established for the game of cricket. Although a variety of woods have been utilized to manufacture bats for this game a variety of white willow (Salix alba var. caerulea) has proven to provide the best wood.
    1754  CESaint Andrews Golf Club is founded in Scotland.
    1780  CECharles Bunbury on Diomed wins first Epsom Derby.
    1793  CETennis is first mentioned, in an English sporting magazine.
    1804  CEIn England, Alice Meynell becomes the first woman jockey.
    1810  CETom Cribb (GB) beats Tom Molineaus (US-Negro) in the first interracial boxing championship (40 rounds).
    1818  CETwo English boxers are the first to use padded gloves.
    1834  CEThe first published reference to 'Poker', as Mississippi riverboat game.
    1838  CEThe first official horse race in South Australia, in Adelaide.
    1839  CEJem Mason on 'Lottery' wins The first Grand National Steeplechase in Britain.
    1839  CEThe first baseball game played in America.
    1839  CEThe first Canadian track and field meet is held at Caer Howell Grounds.
    1844  CEThe first white vs Native American Indian lacrosse game in Montreal. The Native American Indians win.
    1857  CEAmerican Chess Association is organized and the first major US chess tournament takes place in New York City.
    1857  CENational Association of Baseball Players was founded in New York.
    1857  CEWorld's first soccer club, Sheffield F.C., is founded in England.
    1858  CELouisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe.
    1859  CEPaul Morphy returns from 10-month chess tour of Europe and then retires.
    1859  CEPaul Morphy's chess match vs Augustus Mongredien begins. Morphy wins.
    1860  CEThe first pro golf tournament. It is held in Scotland and Willie Park wins.
    1863  CEThe Football Association (FA) was founded in the UK.
    1863  CE4 wheeled roller skates are patented by James Plimpton of New York.
    1864  CEThe first athletics 'track meet' between Oxford and Cambridge.
    1865  CEJohn Hyatts patents the billiard ball. 
    1866  CEAustralian Rules Football is created.
    1866  CEThe first yacht race across the Atlantic Ocean took place. 
    1866  CEThe world's first roller rink opens in Newport, Rhode Island.
    1867  CEThe Marquis of Queensbury Rules of boxing were drawn up in Britain.
    1868  CEAn Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever when he rides a 50 foot tidal wave.
    1868  CEDr James Moore of the UK wins first recorded bicycle race (velocipede race) at Parc fde St Cloud, Paris over over 2km.
    1868  CEThe first American amateur track and field meet, in New York City.
    1869  CEThe first international boat race. It was on the river Thames and Oxford beat Harvard.
    1871  CEThe British Rugby Union forms.
    1871  CEFirst baseball league game (National Association of Baseball Players).
    1871  CEThe first international rugby game is held. The final score was Scotland 1, England 0.
    1871  CEThe first US amateur outdoor athletic games are held in New York.
    1872  CEThe first FA Cup Final in Bolton. The final score was Wanderers 1, Royal Engineers 0.
    1874  CEMajor Walter Winfield patents game called 'sphairistike', later known as lawn tennis.
    1875  CEMatthew Webb becomes the first to swim English Channel. He took 21 hours and 45 minutes.
    1875  CEThe US National Bowling Association is organized in New York City.
    1875  CEThe first recorded hockey game takes place in Montréal.
    1875  CEThe game of 'Snooker' was invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain.
    1876  CENelly Saunders and Rose Harland fight first female boxing match in New York.
    1876  CERoss Barnes hit first 'home run' in the US National League.
    1877  CECharles Bannerman completes the first Test cricket century. He scored 165 vs England.
    1877  CECommencement of first Test Cricket, Australia vs England at MCG Sydney Cricket Ground.
    1877  CEThe University boat race between Oxford and Cambridge ends in a dead heat.
    1878  CEOxford defeats Cambridge in their first golf match.
    1879  CEThe first artificial ice rink in North America opens at Madison Square Garden, New York City.
    1879  CEFred Spofforth achives the first Test match hat-trick. 
    1880  CEAmateur Athletic Association, governing body for men's athletics in England and Wales, is founded in Oxford, England.
    1880  CEGeo Ligowsky patents a device to throw clay pigeons for trapshooters.
    1880  CELeague of American Wheelmen, the first US bicycle association, forms in Newport, Rhode Island.
    1883  CEThe British cricket team is presented with 'the ashes' of a bail after the Sydney Test.
    1884  CEThomas Stevens starts his first bike trip around the world, taking 2 years and 9 months. 
    1886  CEThe first international polo meet between the US and England.
    1888  CEThe English Football League established.
    1888  CEJohn Reid of Scotland demonstrates golf to Americans in Yonkers, New York.
    1889  CEJohn T Reid opens the first US golf course in Yonkers, New York.
    1890  CEJohn Owen becomes the first man to run 100 yard 'dash' in under 10 seconds. 
  1891  CE18 US students play the first basketball game at Springfield College.
  1891  CEJames Naismith invents basketball in Canada.
  1891  CEThe first world weightlifting championship is held. 
  1892  CELord Stanley proposes a silver challenge cup for hockey (Stanley Cup). 
  1893  CEHenri Desgrange establishes the first bicycle-world record at 35.325 km. 
  1895  CEVolleyball is invented by W G Morgan in Massachusetts.
  1895  CEW G Grace scores his 1,000th Cricket run of the season after 22 days. 
  1896  CEA. H. Whiting won the first closed-circuit motor car (automobile) race held.
  1896  CEA.A. Stagg of the University of Chicago creates the US football 'huddle'.
  1896  CEAfter Bob Fitzsimmons knocks out much larger Jim Corbett to win the world heavywheight boxing championship he says, 'The bigger they are, the harder they fall'. 
  1898  CEThe roller coaster is patented.
  1899  CEGeorge F Grant of Boston patents the golf tee.
  1900  CEThe first Davis Cup Tennis Tournament in Boston when the US beats England.
  1900  CEThe term 'orienteering' is first used for an event. 
  1901  CELoop-the-loop centrifugal RailRoad (the roller coaster) is patented by Ed Prescot.
  1901  CENational Association of Professional Baseball Leagues formed.
  1901  CEThe first table tennis tournament is held, at the London Royal Aquarium.
  1903  CEThe first 'Tour de France' bicycle race is announced.
  1905  CERAC Tourist Trophy is first run on the Isle of Man in Britain.
  1907  CETh US Abraham Mills' commission declares Abner Doubleday invented baseball.
  1907  CECharles Collier wins the first Isle of Man TT Race (38.22 mph).
  1908  CENew York to Paris auto race (via Alaska and Siberia) begins in New York NY. George Schuster wins after 88 days behind the wheel.
  1909  CEMoran and MacFarland (USA) win Europe's first 6 day bicycle race in Berlin.
  1909  CEThe first race at the Indianapolis 500 Speedway.
  1910  CEArthur Knight patents steel shaft golf clubs.
  1911  CEFrenchman Henri Rougier wins the first Monte Carlo Rally .
  1911  CEThe first Indianapolis 500 car race, Ray Harroun wins at 74.59 mph (120 kph).
  1913  CEAlexis Ahlgren runs a world record maraton (2:36:06.6). 
  1913  CEHarry Green runs a world record marathon (2:38:16.2). 
  1914  CEThe first international figure-skating tournament held in US, New Haven.
  1916  CEThe first professional golf tournament is held. 
  1922  CEThe American Pro Football Association is renamed the 'National Football League'.
  1922  CEGrand National at Aintree sees only 3 horses out of 32 starters finish.
  1922  CEThe first slalom ski race run. It was in Mürren, Switzerland.
  1922  CEThe Walker Cup golf tournament is established. 
  1929  CEThe game of BINGO is invented by Edwin S Lowe.
  1949  CEJames Wright, a GE engineer, came upon the plastic material 'Silly Putty' by mixing silicone oil with boric acid. It had the ability to rebound almost 25 percent higher than a normal rubber ball, was impervious to rot, unable to maintain a shape for more than a short period, could be stretched many times its length without tearing and would copy the image of any printed material that it was pressed upon. It was sold under the name of 'Silly Putty', selling faster, at that time, than any other toy in history with over six million dollars in sales for the year.
  1960  CEMichael Tal beats Botvinnik for world chess championship 
  1960  CEMuhammad Ali's (Cassius Clay's) first professional boxing fight when he beats Tunney Hunsaker after 6 rounds.
  1961  CEBoxing match test shows potential of pay-TV.
  1961  CEBotvinnik wins world chess championship for 3rd time. 
  1962  CEDonald Jackson of Canada, is first to land a triple lutz ice skate jump.
  1963  CEBritain ends its amateur-professional classes in cricket.
  1971  CEThe first one-day international cricket match, Australia vs England at the MCG.
  1979  CEThe first edition of 'Wisden Cricket Monthly'. 
  1998  CEAnatoly Karpov defeats Viswanathan Anand to retain chess title.
  1998  CESpice Girl Victoria Adams (Posh) & soccer David Beckham gets engaged.
Note 1: Events described with text like this have been entered from one source but have not yet been verified against a subsequent source ( Explain ).
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