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Exploration of Space
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Saturn

Saturn

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The 6th Planet from the Sun
Timeline
    1345  CESaturn/Jupiter/Mars were in conjunction. It was thought to be the 'cause of plague epidemic'.
 26 Apr 1514  CENicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) made his first observations of Saturn. Copernicus later proposed that the sun is stationary and that the earth and the planets move in circular orbits around it.
  8 Jun 1625  CEGiovanni Domenico Cassini, discoverer of four satellites of Saturn, was born in Italy. He was an astrologer and then became an astronomer and was known in France as Jean-Dominique Cassini. At the Paris observatory he discovered the wide gap in the rings of Saturn now called the Cassini division, as well as four of the planet's moons.
    1656  CEDutch physicist Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695) observes the rings of Saturn.
    1671  CEItailian-born French astronommer Govanni Domenico Cassini (1625-1712) discovers Iapetus, satellite of Saturn.
    1672  CEGiovanni Cassini discovers Rhea, the largest airless satelite of Saturn
    1675  CEGiovanni Cassini postulates that the planet Saturn has separated rings which must be composed of small objects.
    1787  CEWilliam Herschel discovers Enceladus, a moon of Saturn.
    1789  CEWilliam Herschel discovers Mimas, satellite of Saturn.
    1848  CEBond (US) and Lassell (England) independently discover Hyperion, a moon of Saturn.
    1856  CEJames Clerk Maxwell demonstrates that a solid ring around Saturn would be torn apart by gravitational forces and argues that Saturn's rings consist of a multitude of tiny satellites.
    1899  CEPhoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by Pickering.
    1962  CEThe Sun, the Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter & Saturn are aligned within 16 degrees of each other.
    1966  CEAudouin Dollfus discovers 10th satellite of Saturn, Janus
    1973  CEPioneer 11 launched toward Jupiter & Saturn
    1977  CEVoyager 2 launched for fly-by of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
    1977  CEVoyager 1 (US) launched toward fly-by of Jupiter, Saturn
    1977  CENASA launches Voyager 2 towards Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus & Neptune
    1979  CEPioneer 11 makes 1st fly-by of Saturn, discovers new moon, rings
    1980  CEVoyager 1 space probe discovers 15th moon of Saturn
    1980  CEUS space probe Voyager I approaches 77,000-mi (124,000 km) of Saturn
    1980  CEVoyager 1 sends back images of Saturn and its system
    1981  CEVoyager 2's closest approach to Saturn (63,000 miles/100,000 km)
    1981  CEVoyager 2 sends back images of Saturn and its system
    1989  CEConjunction of Venus, Mars, Uranus, Neptune, Saturn and the Moon.
 24 Aug 2006  CEThe "Planet Definition" Resolution was put to the 2006 General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union. the outcome decided the defintiion of what objects in the Solar System should be classified as "Planets". Pluto looses its status as a Planet retuning the total number of "Planets" in our solar system to eight.
 
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