HistoryMole.com HistoryMole.com
Login:
 Home  Search  Browse  Schools  Help  Feedback 
 
 
TimeScape Biographies Themes Subjects  |
 
Related Topics
Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
Radio Broadcasting
Radio Broadcasting
Exploration of Space
Exploration of Space
Pluto
Pluto
Mercury
Mercury
Venus
Venus
Jupiter
Jupiter
Saturn
Saturn
Uranus
Uranus
Neptune
Neptune
The Moon
The Moon
Mars

Mars

View or Print as PDF View or print as a PDF
The 4th Planet from the Sun
Timeline
    0676  CECairo was built by the Arabs and the name comes from the Egyptian 'El Qahir', the name of the planet Mars.
    1345  CESaturn/Jupiter/Mars were in conjunction. It was thought to be the 'cause of plague epidemic'.
    1659  CEDutch physicist Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695) observes surface features on Mars.
    1665  CEGiovanni Cassini determines the rotational speeds of Jupiter, Mars and Venus.
    1671  CEItalian-born French astronomer Giovanni Cassini (1625-1712) makes the first accurate measurement of the distance to Mars and scale of solar system
    1672  CEChristian Huygens of Holland discovered white polar caps on Mars.
    1877  CEAsaph Hall discovers Mars' moon Phobos.
    1924  CEMars' closest approach to Earth since the 10th century.
    1952  CEWernher von Braun discusses the technical details of a manned exploration of Mars in The Mars Project.
    1962  CEThe Sun, the Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter & Saturn are aligned within 16 degrees of each other.
    1962  CEUSSR launches Mars 1; radio contact lost before arrival at Mars.
  5 Nov 1964  CEUS Mariner 3 launched toward Mars in a Mars flyby attempt. The solar panels did not open, preventing the flyby. No data returned and it is now in a solar orbit.
    1964  CEUSSR launches Zond 2 towards Mars; no data returned
    1964  CEMariner 4 launched; 1st probe to fly by Mars
    1965  CEJPL proposes modified Apollo flight to fly around Mars & return
    1965  CEMariner 4 sends the first clear pictures of Mars 
 31 Jul 1969  CEMariner 6 flys-by Mars and returns high resolution pictures.
  5 Aug 1969  CEMariner 7 flies past Mars and returns picture of the surface.
    1969  CEMariner 6 launched for fly-by of Mars
    1969  CELaunch of Mariner 7, flies 2,190 miles above southern Mars
    1971  CESoviet Mars 3 is 1st to soft land on Mars
    1971  CEUSSR Mars 3 launched, 1st spacecraft to soft land on Mars
    1971  CEUS Mariner 9 1st satellite to orbit Mars launched
    1971  CEMariner 9, 1st to orbit another planet (Mars)
    1971  CEUSSR launches Mars 2, 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars
    1971  CESoviet Mars 2 becomes 1st spacecraft to crash land on Mars
    1972  CEMariner 9 begins mapping Mars
    1973  CEUSSR launches Mars 7
    1973  CEUSSR launches Mars 6
    1975  CEViking 2 launched toward orbit around Mars, soft landing
    1975  CEViking 1 launched toward orbit around Mars, soft landing
    1976  CEViking 2 soft lands on Mars (Utopia), returns photos
    1976  CEViking I and Viking II land on Mars
    1976  CEViking 1 radio signal from Mars help prove general theory of relativity.
    1976  CEScientists in Pasadena, Calif, announce Viking I found strongest indications to date of possible life on Mars
    1984  CETransit of Earth as seen on Mars
    1988  CENASA unveils plans for lunar colony & manned missions to Mars
    1989  CEUSSR announces plan for 2-year manned mission to Mars
    1989  CEConjunction of Venus, Mars, Uranus, Neptune, Saturn and the Moon.
    1997  CEComet Hale-Bopp crosses Mars' orbit.
  2 Jun 2003  CEThe British 'Beagle 2' was lauched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan as part of the European Space Agency's Mars Express Mission.
 19 Dec 2003  CEThe British 'Beagle 2' lander, as part of the European Space Agency's Mars Express Mission, separated from the mothership orbiting Mars and headed for a Mars landing.
 25 Dec 2003  CEThe British 'Beagle 2' lander touches down on Mars.
 24 Aug 2006  CEThe "Planet Definition" Resolution was put to the 2006 General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union. the outcome decided the defintiion of what objects in the Solar System should be classified as "Planets". Pluto looses its status as a Planet retuning the total number of "Planets" in our solar system to eight.
 
Note 1: Events described with text like this have been entered from one source but have not yet been verified against a subsequent source ( Explain ).
Note 2: The events are sorted in semi-chronological order according to what is factually known about the date of the event ( Explain ).
Note 3: Events with more information are marked as follows:
Has other topics associated with this event Has other topics associated with this event,
Has geographic locations associated with this event Has geographic locations associated with this event,
Has external links assocated with this event's topics Has external links assocated with this event's topics,
Has external links associated with the geographic location Has external links associated with the geographic location of this event,
Has external links specifically assocated with this event Has external links specifically assocated with this event.
 
     
 
 
Internet Content Rating Association Rated with SafeSurf Valid HTML 4.01 Valid CSS! Support EuroCAUCE Level A conformance icon, W3C-WAI Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0