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Venus

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The 2nd Planet from the Sun
Timeline
  4 Feb 0452  CEThe Mayan city of Tikal has a monolith in hieroglyphics that reports an inferior conjunction of Venus. 
  4 Jul 1054  CEChinese and Arabian observers first documented the massive supernova of the Crab Nebula, It was reportedly six times brighter than Venus and was only outshone by the sun and moon and could be observed in broad daylight for 23 days.
    1610  CEGalileo Galilei observes the phases of Venus.
    1631  CEThe first predicted transit of Venus, pedicted by Kepler, is observed.
    1639  CEThe first observation of transit of Venus occurred. Only two people record the event.
    1639  CEJeremiah Horrocks observes a transit of Venus.
    1665  CEGiovanni Cassini determines the rotational speeds of Jupiter, Mars and Venus.
    1686  CECassini reports seeing a satellite orbiting Venus.
    1716  CEEdmund Halley suggests a high-precision measurement of the Sun-Earth distance by timing the transit of Venus.
    1761  CERussian poet/scientist Mikhail Lomonosov discovers the atmosphere of Venus.
    1882  CEThe atmosphere of Venus is detected during transit.
    1894  CEVenus is both a morning star and evening star.
    1956  CEUS Lab detects high-temperature microwave radiation from Venus 
    1959  CEMIT detect the first radar echo from Venus
    1959  CEThe first known radar contact is made with Venus
 11 Mar 1960  CEUS Pioneer 5 is launched into solar orbit between Earth and Venus.
 12 Feb 1961  CESoviet Venera 1 launches toward Venus for a Venus flyby.
    1961  CESoviet Union fires a rocket from Sputnik V to Venus.
 27 Aug 1962  CEUS Mariner 2 is launched, and makes the first US visit to another planet when it performs a flyby of Venus on 14 December 1 1962. It went off air on 3 January 1963 and is now in a solar orbit.
    1962  CEThe Sun, the Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter & Saturn are aligned within 16 degrees of each other.
    1964  CEUSSR launches Zond 1 to Venus; no data returned
    1965  CEVenera 3 launched, 1st to land on another planet (crashes into Venus)
    1965  CEVenera 2 launched by Soviet Union toward Venus
    1966  CEVenera 3 becomes 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus)
    1967  CELaunch of Mariner V for Venus fly-by
    1967  CEMariner 5 makes fly-by of Venus
    1967  CEVenera 4 sends the first data from below the clouds of Venus 
    1967  CEUSSR launches Venera 4 for parachute landing on Venus
    1967  CESoviet Venera 4 becomes the 1st probe to send data back from Venus
    1969  CEUSSR Venera 5 launched for 1st successful planet landing (Venus)
    1969  CERussian probe Venera 6 landed on Venus
    1969  CEUSSR's Venera 6 launched for parachute landing on Venus
    1969  CEVenera 5 lands on Venus, returns data on atmosphere
    1970  CEVenera 7 launched by USSR for soft landing on Venus
    1970  CEThe first successful landing on Venus (USSR)
    1970  CESoviet Venera 7 is 1st spacecraft to land on another planet (Venus)
    1972  CEVenera 8 launched to Venus
    1974  CEUS Mariner 10 returns 1st close-up photos of Venus' cloud structure
    1975  CEUSSR launches Venera 10 for Venus landing
    1975  CEVenera 9 returns the first pictures of the surface of Venus
    1975  CESoviet spacecraft Venera 9 soft-lands on Venus
    1975  CEVenera 9, first craft to orbit the planet Venus launched
    1975  CEUSSR's Venera 10 makes day-side Venus landing
    1975  CEUSSR launches Venera 9 for Venus landing
    1978  CEPioneer Venus 1 begins orbiting Venus
    1978  CEUS launches Pioneer Venus 1; produces 1st global radar map of Venus
    1978  CEPioneer-Venus 2 with 5 atmospheric probes launched toward Venus
    1978  CEPioneer Venus 2 drops 5 probes into atmosphere of Venus
    1978  CEPioneer Venus 1 goes into orbit around Venus
    1982  CERussian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus and sends back data
    1985  CEEn route to Halley's Comet, USSR's Vega 2 drops lander on Venus
    1985  CEUSSR's Vega 1 deposits lander on surface of Venus
    1989  CEUS launches Magellan to Venus
    1989  CEConjunction of Venus, Mars, Uranus, Neptune, Saturn and the Moon.
    1990  CEUS Magellan spacecraft lands on Venus
    1990  CEGalileo flies by Venus
 24 Aug 2006  CEThe "Planet Definition" Resolution was put to the 2006 General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union. the outcome decided the defintiion of what objects in the Solar System should be classified as "Planets". Pluto looses its status as a Planet retuning the total number of "Planets" in our solar system to eight.
 
Note 1: Events described with text like this have been entered from one source but have not yet been verified against a subsequent source ( Explain ).
Note 2: The events are sorted in semi-chronological order according to what is factually known about the date of the event ( Explain ).
Note 3: Events with more information are marked as follows:
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