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The British Monarchy
The British Monarchy
Geoffrey Chaucer
Geoffrey Chaucer
King Edward III

King Edward III (1312-1377)

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King Edward III of Britain
   Oct 1326  CEPrince Edward III is declared Keeper of the Realm.
   Jan 1327  CEEdward III takes the throne of England.
   Jan 1327  CEKing Edward II of England was deposed by his eldest son, Edward III.
  1 Feb 1327  CEEdward III was crowned King of England.
   Apr 1327  CEDeposed Edward II, of England, is imprisoned.
   Sep 1327  CEDeposed Edward II is murdered at Berkeley Castle, possibly with a red hot poker.
 24 Jan 1328  CEEdward III, King of England, marries Philippa of Henegouwen.
    1329  CEBritish King Edward III agrees to do homage to Philip.
    1340  CEEnglish King Edward III was proclaimed King of France.
   May 1346  CEEdward III of England called for a fleet of 1000 ships and an army of 10,000 knights and soldiers to assemble at Portsmouth for an attack on his distant cousin, Philip VI of France.
 12 Jul 1346  CEEdward III landed his army on the Normandy beaches unopposed.
 18 Jul 1346  CEEdward III divided his army into 3 groups and began a march on Paris.
 16 Aug 1346  CEPhilip VI offered Edward III sovereignty over Aquitaine in return for peace. Edward rejected the offer and learned that Philip had raised an army of 36,000 that included 15,000 Genoese crossbowmen. Edward marched toward Flanders in order to meet with allies.
 25 Aug 1346  CEEdward III of England defeated Philip VI's army at the Battle of Crecy in France. The longbow proved instrumental in the victory. At the end of the battle 1,542 French lords and knights were killed along with 20,000 soldiers. The English lost 2 knights and 80 men.
  3 Sep 1346  CEEdward III of England began the siege of Calais, along the coast of France.
 28 Sep 1346  CEEdward III and Philip VI signed a temporary truce. Their hostilities marked the beginning of the Hundred Years War, which only ended in 1453.
  3 Aug 1347  CESix burghers of the surrounded French city of Calais surrendered to Edward III of England in hopes of relieving the siege.
   Aug 1347  CEEdward accepts truce
   Oct 1347  CEAfter an 11 month siege, French Calais fell to England's King Edward III. English rule lasted for more than two centuries.
 23 Apr 1348  CEKing Edward III of England established the Order of the Garter, the first English order of knighthood.
 19 Sep 1356  CEIn a landmark battle of the Hundred Years' War, English Prince Edward defeated the French at Poitiers.
c.    1359  CE(Between 1569-1560) Geoffrey Chaucer was with the army of Edward III in France, where he was captured by the French but ransomed.
    1366  CEBy this time, Geoffrey Chaucer married Philippa Roet, who was probably the sister of John of Gaunt's third wife. She was a lady-in-waiting to Edward III's queen.
  6 Jan 1367  CERichard II, son of Edward the Black Prince, was born.
  3 Apr 1367  CEJohn of Gaunt and Edward the Black Prince won the Battle of Najara, in Spain.
 21 Jun 1377  CEEdward III, King of England, dies of old age.
 21 Jun 1377  CERichard II, who was still a child, succeeded his father, Edward III as King of England.
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