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The British Monarchy
The British Monarchy
King Henry VI
King Henry VI
The Wars of the Roses

The Wars of the Roses

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 22 May 1455  CEThe Battle of St. Albans, during the War of the Roses. The army of the Duke of York met the army of Queen Margaret of Anjou. The 2nd Duke of Somerset was killed. The Yorkists briefly took possession of King Henry VI.
    1455  CEIn England the beginning of the War of the Roses (1455-1471). Margaret of Anjou, wife of the feeble-minded King Henry VI, was head of the House of Lancaster whose heraldic badge was a red rose. She struggled against the House of York, whose badge was a white rose, for the control of the government. Yorkist Richard III gains the kingship for a short time.
 22 Aug 1485  CEHenry Tudor defeated Richard III at Bosworth. England's King Richard III, the last of the Plantagenet kings, was killed in the Battle of Bosworth. This victory establishes the Tudor dynasty in England and ended the War of the Roses. Henry reestablishes royal power over the aristocracy, ends funding of foreign wars and reforms finances.
  2 Feb 1491  CEDuring the War of the Roses, the army of York defeated the forces of Lancaster at Mortimer's Cross. The victory fixed Edward IV on the thrown.
 
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