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Anthony Ashley Cooper

Anthony Ashley Cooper (1801-1885)

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Lord Ashley the Earl of Shaftesbury
Timeline
 28 Apr 1801  CEAnthony Ashley Cooper, the eldest son of the 6th Earl of Shaftesbury, was born.
    1832  CEWhen Michael Sadler was defeated in the 1832 General Election, the Reverand George Bull, asked Lord Ashley to become the new leader of the factory reform movement in the House of Commons.
   Mar 1833  CELord Ashley proposed a bill that would restrict children to a maximum ten hour day.
 18 Jul 1833  CELord Ashley's bill was defeated in the House of Commons by 238 votes to 93.
 29 Aug 1833  CEFollowing the defeat of Lord Ashley's bill, the government's 1833 Factory Actwas passed by Parliament. It became illegal for children under nine to work in textile factories, children aged between nine and thirteen could work up to eight hours a day, children over thirteen could work for up to twelve hours a day.
    1840  CELord Ashley helped set up the Children's Employment Commission.
    1841  CELord Ashley received a manuscript from William Dodd about his experiences as a child worker and arranged for it to be published as 'A Narrative of the Experience and Sufferings of William Dodd a Factory Cripple'.
    1842  CEThe Children's Employment Commission's first report on mines and collieries was published.
    1842  CEThe Children's Employment Commission's first report on mines and collieries was published. At the time the majority of people in Britain were unaware that women and children were employed as miners.
    1842  CEAn employee of Lord Ashley, William Dodd, published his research into the treatment of children in textile factories as 'The Factory System: Illustrated'. William Dodd's books created a great deal of controversy.
    1851  CEAnthony Ashley Cooper's father died and he now became the 7th Earl of Shaftesbury.
  1 Oct 1885  CEAnthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury, died.
 
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