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World War II

World War II (1939-1945)

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The world war instigated by Adolf Hitler which touched every part of the globe.
Introduction

With the invasion of Poland by Germany in 1939, the beginning of the second world war was set to be the first truly global conflict involving most nations of the world.  The entry of the Japanese, and after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Americans in 1941 changed the direction of the war in a dramatic way.

As the conflict raged over the theaters of Europe, Africa and the Pacific there were many times when the Allies could have lost the war, but final victory for the European and African theaters came in 1945.  The end of the war in the Pacific theater came a few months later and was precipitated by the use of the Atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

The post-war political map changed country boundaries in a way that has caused border pressures that are still an issue today.

Timeline
    1917  CEWinston Churchill was appointed Lloyd George's minister of munitions and was involved in the mass production of tanks, believed to have played a large part in Britain's victory in World War II.
    1919  CENational Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers Party.
    1919  CEWinston Churchill became secretary of state for war and air (until 1921).
    1923  CEThe Bavarian minister of the Interior refuses to forbid the Nazi SA.
    1923  CEBeer Hall Putsch when the NAZIs fail to overthrow the government in Germany.
    1923  CEBloody street battles between Nazis, socialists and the police in Vienna.
    1923  CEThe price of bread in Berlin rises to 2,000 marks.
    1923  CEThe Italian nationalist and fascists merge (the blue-shirts and the black-shirts).
    1923  CESocialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg.
    1923  CEThe first 'Reichs Party' (NSDAP) forms in Munich.
    1925  CEHitler resurrects NSDAP political party in Munich.
 14 Sep 1930  CENazis elected with a gain 107 seats in German election, making them the 2nd largest political party in Germany.
    1932  CEGerman police raid Hitler's Nazi-headquarters.
 30 Jan 1933  CENazis receive 92% of vote in Germany and Adolf Hitler Becomes Chancellor of Germany.
 10 Mar 1933  CENazis stage public book burnings in Germany.
 14 Oct 1933  CENazi Germany announces withdrawal from League of Nations.
    1933  CEHitler disallows German communist party (KPD).
    1933  CEHitler names Hjalmar Shaft, president of Bank of Germany.
    1933  CEHitler proclaims end of Marxism.
    1933  CEHitler promises parliamentary democracy.
    1933  CEHitler, Goring, Prince Ruprecht, Brüning and top army officials meet in Berlin.
    1933  CENazi Germany begins persecution of Jews boycotting Jewish businesses.
    1933  CENazis set fire to German parliament, blame it on communists.
    1933  CEWith the Nazis' rise to power, Dr. Josef Goebells becomes Minister of Propaganda and gradually nationalizes the film industry. More than 1,500 filmmakers flee Germany.
 30 Jun 1934  CEThe 'Night of the Long Knives', when Hitler stages bloody purge of the Nazi party.
 19 Aug 1934  CEAdolf Hitler becomes Fuhrer of Germany.
    1934  CEHitler proclamation on German unified states.
    1934  CENazi Germany and Poland sign non-attack treaty for 10 years.
    1934  CENazi-Germany begins People's court.
 16 Mar 1935  CEHitler orders German rearmament and introducing military conscription, violating Versailles Treaty.
    1935  CEReichsmarshall Hermann Goering officially creates German Air Force, the Luftwaffe.
  1 Aug 1936  CE11th Olympic Games is opened by Adolph Hitler in Berlin.
    1936  CEHitler breaks Treaty of Versailles, sends troops to Rhineland.
    1936  CEHitler introduces Ferdinand Porsche's 'Volkswagen'.
    1936  CENazi propaganda claims 99% of Germans voted for Nazi candidates.
    1937  CEBritain's Lord Halifax visits Germany, marking the beginning of appeasement.
    1937  CEGerman battleships bomb Almeria Spain.
 12 Aug 1938  CEGerman military mobilizes.
 15 Oct 1938  CEGermany completed annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland.
    1938  CEGermany demands all Jewish passports stamped with the letter 'J'.
    1938  CEHermann Goering announces he wants Madagascar as a Jewish homeland.
    1938  CEHitler seizes control of German army and puts Nazi personnel in key posts.
    1938  CENazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss).
 25 Feb 1939  CEThe first Anderson bomb shelter in Britain erected in an Islington garden
 15 Mar 1939  CEGermany occupies and then dissolves the Republic of Czechoslovakia.
 15 Mar 1939  CEHitler occupies Bohemia & Moravia (Czechoslovakia).
 16 Mar 1939  CEHugary annexes Ruthenia
 22 Mar 1939  CEHitler's Germany & Mussolini's Italy announced an alliance known as the Rome-Berlin Axis and sign the 'Pact of Steel'
 28 Mar 1939  CESpanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to Francisco Franco.
  7 Apr 1939  CEItaly annexes Albania
  1 Sep 1939  CEGermany invades Western Poland and takes Danzig
  3 Sep 1939  CEBritain declares war on Germany. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada
 10 Sep 1939  CECanada declares war on Germany, and the Battle of the Atlantic begins.
 17 Sep 1939  CESoviets invade Poland.
 27 Sep 1939  CEWarsaw, Poland, surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance.
 29 Sep 1939  CESoviet-German treaty agree on 4th partition of Poland (WW II) & gives Lithuania to the USSR
  1 Oct 1939  CEWinston Chruchill refers to Soviet policy as 'a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma'.
  8 Oct 1939  CEGermany annexes western Poland and incorporates it into Germany
 10 Oct 1939  CENazis begin mass murder of Warsaw Jews with deportation to Lublin ghetto
  8 Nov 1939  CEAn assassination attempt on Hitler fails.
 14 Dec 1939  CELeague of Nations expells the Soviet Union
 17 Dec 1939  CEGerman pocket battleship Graf Spee scuttled by its crew off Uruguay
    1939  CEGerman battleship Bismarck was launched
    1939  CEHermann Goering appoints Reinhard Heydrich head of Jewish Emigration.
    1939  CEHitler announces he has no intention of war with Britain & France
    1939  CEHitler proclaims to German parliament to exterminate all European Jews
    1939  CEJews of Lodz Poland are ordered to wear yellow armbands.
    1939  CENazi-Germany demands Gdansk (Danzig) from Poland
  8 Jan 1940  CEBritain's WWII rationing of bacon, butter & sugar began
 11 Feb 1940  CERussia begins new offensive against Finland attacking the Finnish Mannerheim Line
 12 Mar 1940  CEFinland signs cease fire treaty with Russia and Finland gives up Karelische Isthmus
  9 Apr 1940  CEDenmark and Norway are invaded by Germany
 10 May 1940  CEGerman troops enter Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg
 10 May 1940  CENeville Chamberlain resigns and is succeeded by Winston Churchill as British Prime Minister (until 1945).
 28 May 1940  CEBelgium surrenders to Germany, King Leopold III gives himself up
 28 May 1940  CEBritish & French begin evacuation of 300,000 troops from Dunkirk (Operation Dynamo)
   May 1940  CENazi bombs Rotterdam (600-900 dead) in Holland
 10 Jun 1940  CEMussolini joins Hitler in Germany's war and Italy declares war against France & Britain
 14 Jun 1940  CEGerman forces occupied Paris during WW II
 22 Jun 1940  CEFrance falls to Nazi Germany an armistice is signed and France is disarmed
 
10 Jul 1940  CEBattle of Britain began as Germany launches air attacks
 
 
21 Aug 1940  CELeon Trotsky is killed with an ice pick in Mexico City by Ramon Mercader an agent of Joseph Stalin.
 
 
  1940  CE140 Palestinian Jews die as German planes bomb their ship
 
 
  1940  CE21 "not neutral" Nazis & communists arrested in Netherlands
 
 
  1940  CEAdolph Hitler & Benito Mussolini confer at Brenner Pass in the Alps
 
 
  1940  CEAllied counter attack at Atrecht North-France
 
 
  1940  CEBattle of France begins in WW II
 
 
  1940  CEBritish Prime Minister Winston Churchill says of the Royal Air Force, 'Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few'.
 
 
  1940  CEDuring WW II, German planes destroyed most of Coventry, England
 
 
  1940  CEGerman Air Force blitz London for 1st of 57 consecutive nights
 
 
  1940  CEGerman air raid on British fleet base Scapa Flow
 
 
  1940  CEGerman armour division moves into Northern France
 
 
  1940  CEGerman breakthrough at Grebbelinie
 
 
  1940  CEGerman breakthrough at Sedan
 
 
  1940  CEGerman forces enter Paris
 
 
  1940  CEGerman tanks conquer Moerdijkbrug
 
 
  1940  CEGerman tanks reach Atrecht France
 
 
  1940  CEGerman troops conquer Boulogne
 
 
  1940  CEGerman troops occupy Amsterdam, General Winkelman surrenders
 
 
  1940  CEGerman U-Boot torpedoes Dutch trade ship Arendskerk (Eagle's Church)
 
 
  1940  CEGermany begins dropping incendiary bombs on London (WW II)
 
 
  1940  CEGermany invades Norway & Denmark during WW II
 
 
  1940  CEGermany occupies Brussels, Belgium & begins invasion of France
 
 
  1940  CEGöring says 100-200 church bells enough for Germany, smelt the rest
 
 
  1940  CEHitler affirms General von Rundstedts "Stopbevel"
 
 
  1940  CEGerman conquest of France began by crossing Meuse River
 
 
  1940  CENazi decree forbids gentile women to work in Jewish homes
 
 
  1940  CENazi decrees the establishment of Jewish ghetto in Lodz Poland
 
 
  1940  CENazis capture General Dutch Persbureau (ANP)
 
 
  1940  CENazis forbid non-professional auto workers
 
 
  1940  CENazis forbid Polish Jews to travel on trains
 
 
  1940  CENazis force 500,000 Warsaw Jews to live in walled ghetto
 
 
  1940  CENorway surrenders to Germany
 
 
  1940  CEParis evacuated before the German advance
 
 
  1940  CEBritish Premier Winston Churchill flies to Paris in France.
 
 
  1940  CEBritish Premier Winston Churchill returns to London from Paris
 
 
  1940  CERussian troops conquer Lasi Island
 
 
  1940  CERussian armies conquer Tuppura Island Finland
 
 
  1940  CETide turns in Battle of Britain in WW II, RAF beats Luftwaffe
 
 
  1940  CEUS Air Defense Command established at Mitchell Field, Long Island NY
 
 
  1940  CEUS Congress passes 1st peace-time conscription bill (draft law)
 
 
  1940  CEUS gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease
 
 
  1940  CEWinston Churchill says 'I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat.
 
 
  1940  CEBritish Prime Minister Winston Churchill urges perseverance so that future generations would remember that 'this was their finest hour'.
 
 
7 Mar 1941  CEBritish troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
 
 
27 Mar 1941  CEBritish troops take Keren and Hasara in Ethiopia
 
 
5 Apr 1941  CEItalian-held Addis Ababa capitulates to British & Ethiopian forces
 
 
6 Apr 1941  CEGerman army invades Yugoslavia under Hitler's Directive 27
 
 
11 Apr 1941  CEGermany blitzes Coventry, England
 
 
22 Apr 1941  CEBritish forces leave Greece
 
 
10 May 1941  CEAdolph Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess parachutes into Scotland
 
 
10 May 1941  CEBritain's House of Commons & Holborn Theater destroyed in London blitz
 
 
20 May 1941  CEGerman paratroopers invade Crete
 
 
24 May 1941  CEBismarck sinks British battle cruiser HMS Hood off the coast of Greenland, 1,416 die and only 3 survive
 
 
27 May 1941  CEGerman battleship Bismarck sunk by British naval force
 
 
8 Jun 1941  CEBritish and Free French invade Syria
 
 
22 Jun 1941  CEGerman army invades Russia
 
 
25 Aug 1941  CEBritain and Russia invade Iran
 
 
13 Oct 1941  CEBritish RAF bomb Neurenberg
 
 
12 Nov 1941  CEBritish aircraft carrier "Ark Royal" sank in Mediterranean off Gibraltar
 
 
7 Dec 1941  CEJapan bombs Pearl Harbour and as a result the United States enters World War II
 
 
8 Dec 1941  CEBritain and the US declare war on Japan
 
 
25 Dec 1941  CEJapan announces surrender of British-Canadian garrison at Hong Kong
 
 
  1941  CE2 Fokker's employees flee Nazi occupied Netherlands to England
 
 
  1941  CEBritain lands 50,000 soldiers in Greece
 
 
  1941  CE551 Jews are shot in Kishnev ghetto in Romania
 
 
  1941  CE6 Parisian synagogues are bombed
 
 
  1941  CE9 Allied govts pledged adherence to Atlantic Charter
 
 
  1941  CEAll Jews over age 6 in German territories ordered to wear a star
 
 
  1941  CEAllied troops begin evacuating Kreta
 
 
  1941  CEAmerican forces on Wake Island surrender to Japanese
 
 
  1941  CEAnti Nazi meeting at Noordermarkt Amsterdam
 
 
  1941  CEAnti-German demonstration in Haarlem Netherlands
 
 
  1941  CEAnti-Nazi "Het Parool" begins publishing in Netherlands
 
 
  1941  CEArthur T "Bomber" Harris becomes British Air Marshal
 
 
  1941  CEAtlantic Charter signed by Franklin D Roosavelt and Winston Churchill.
 
 
  1941  CEAustralia and Britain attack Tobruk Libya.
 
 
  1941  CEAustralian troops conquer Derna in Libya.
 
 
  1941  CEBattle of Beda Fomm Italian 10th army destroyed
 
 
  1941  CEBritain leases defense bases in Trinidad to US for 99 years
 
 
  1941  CEBritish Air Marshal Richard Peirse resigns
 
 
  1941  CEBritish army begins evacuation of Crete
 
 
  1941  CEBritish Army enters Baghdad, chasing pro-German coup government
 
 
  1941  CEBritish attack Halfaya-pass & Fort Capuzzo in Egypt & Libya
 
 
  1941  CEBritish communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned
 
 
  1941  CEBritish offensive in Eritrea
 
 
  1941  CEBritish tanks occupy Maus Libya
 
 
  1941  CEBritish troops attack Baghdad
 
 
  1941  CEBritish troops conquer Bengazi, Libya
 
 
  1941  CEBritish troops conquer El Agheila
 
 
  1941  CEBritish troops defeat British Somalia
 
 
  1941  CEBritish troops occupy Kassalaf Sudan
 
 
  1941  CEBritish/Australian troops capture Tobruk from Italians
 
 
  1941  CEBritish/Australian troops conquer Bardia Lybia
 
 
  1941  CEBritish-Italian dogfight above Albania
 
 
  1941  CECharles Lindbergh, charges "the British, the Jewish & the Roosevelt administration" are trying to get the US into WW II
 
 
  1941  CEChina declares war on Japan, Germany & Italy
 
 
  1941  CECitizen Register reports "Hostile planes reported nearing Westchester"
 
 
  1941  CEEntire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania is exterminated
 
 
  1941  CEFebruary strike against persecution of Jews, in Amsterdam
 
 
  1941  CEFinland enters WW II against Russia
 
 
  1941  CEFinland invades Karelia
 
 
  1941  CEFormer Dutch PM Colijn says Netherlands Indies not ready for independence
 
 
  1941  CEFormer Dutch premier De Geer flies to Berlin
 
 
  1941  CEFrench Marshal Henri Petain gave full support to Nazi Germany
 
 
  1941  CEGerman Africa Corps lands in Tripoli, Libya
 
 
  1941  CEGerman airforce occupies airport at Maleme Kreta
 
 
  1941  CEGerman assault on El Agheila Libya
 
 
  1941  CEGerman assault on Tobruk
 
 
  1941  CEGerman counter offensive in North-Africa
 
 
  1941  CEGerman occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands
 
 
  1941  CEGerman occupiers forbids Jews access to beach & swimming pools
 
 
  1941  CEGerman occupiers in Holland forbid bicycle taxis
 
 
  1941  CEGerman occupying army do a house search in Paris looking for Jews
 
 
  1941  CEGerman Q-ship Pinguin sinks in Indian Ocean
 
 
  1941  CEGerman troops invade Bulgaria
 
 
  1941  CEGerman troops led by Rommel begin retreating in North Africa
 
 
  1941  CEGerman troops occupy El Agheila Libya
 
 
  1941  CEGermany & Italy declare war on US
 
 
  1941  CEGermany advances within 60 miles (96 K) of Moscow
 
 
  1941  CEGermany bans all Catholic publications
 
 
  1941  CEGermany begins a counter offensive in Africa
 
 
  1941  CEGermany declares war on Soviet Union during WW II
 
 
  1941  CEGermany's drive to take Moscow halted
 
 
  1941  CEGreat British convoy marches into Alexandria
 
 
  1941  CEHimmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp
 
 
  1941  CEItalian army under General Aosta surrenders to Britain at Amba Alagi Ethiopia
 
 
  1941  CEItalian counter offensive in Albania
 
 
  1941  CEJapan bombs Manila even though it was declared an "open city"
 
 
  1941  CEJapanese armored barges cross Strait of Johore to attack Singapore
 
 
  1941  CEJapanese occupy Guam
 
 
  1941  CEJewish Council for Amsterdam forms, under Ascher/Cohen
 
 
  1941  CEJewish veterans honor their dead
 
 
  1941  CEJews are expelled from Hungarian Ruthenia
 
 
  1941  CEJews of Vilna Poland are confined to a ghetto
 
 
  1941  CEJoseph Stalin became the premier of Russia.
 
 
  1941  CELast great German air attack on Great Britain (Birmingham)
 
 
  1941  CELieutenant-General Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli
 
 
  1941  CEMartin Bormann succeeds Rudolf Hess as Hitler's deputy
 
 
  1941  CENavy takes over Treasure Island (SF Bay)
 
 
  1941  CENazi collaborators destroy pro-Jewish café Alcazar Amsterdam (Alcazar refused to hang "No Entry for Jews" signs in front of cafe)
 
 
  1941  CENazi leaders attack Dutch Jewish Council
 
 
  1941  CENazi occupied Netherlands layoff Jewish journalists
 
 
  1941  CENazi occupiers in Netherlands forbid Jewish music
 
 
  1941  CENazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies
 
 
  1941  CENazi SS begin rounding up Jews of Amsterdam
 
 
  1941  CENazi-German/Yugoslav pact drawn
 
 
  1941  CENazis forbid Dutch Organization of Actors (NOT)
 
 
  1941  CENazis kill 800 Jewish women at Shkudvil Lithuania
 
 
  1941  CENazis order Polish Jews barred from using public transportation
 
 
  1941  CENazis raid Koco Amsterdam & round up 429 young Jews for deportation
 
 
  1941  CENetherlands NSB-leader Mussert visits Göring in Berlin
 
 
  1941  CENew Nazi battleship Bismarck leaves Gdynia, Poland
 
 
  1941  CEMax Blokzijl begins Nazi propaganda on Dutch radio.
 
 
  1941  CEPeruvian agent Rivera-Schreibér warns of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor
 
 
  1941  CEQueen Wilhelmina on Radio Orange warns against treason.
 
 
  1941  CEResistance fighters counter d'Estienne d'Orves/Jan Doornik, 1st meet
 
 
  1941  CERussian General Zhukov appointed chief of General staff
 
 
  1941  CERussian govt moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis close in on Moscow
 
 
  1941  CESan Francisco 1st blackout, at 6:15 PM
 
 
  1941  CESarawak occupied by the Japanese
 
 
  1941  CESea battle at Cape Matapan: British fleet under Cunningham defeats Italy
 
 
  1941  CESerbian Prince Paul visits Hitler
 
 
  1941  CESeyss-Inquart begins registration of Jews
 
 
  1941  CESiege of Leningrad by Nazi troops began during WW II
 
 
  1941  CESinger Johan Heesters visits Dachau concentration camp
 
 
  1941  CEThe first anti semitic measures in Serbia
 
 
  1941  CEThe first anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria
 
 
  1941  CEThe first German ship in WW2 captured by US ship (Busko)
 
 
  1941  CEThe first mass killing of Jews in Romania
 
 
  1941  CEThe first Messerschmidt 109F shot down above England
 
 
  1941  CEThe first transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk Poland
 
 
  1941  CEThe first US destroyer (Kearney) torpedoed in WW II, off Iceland
 
 
  1941  CEThe first US ship sunk by a U-boat (SS Robin Moore)
 
 
  1941  CEThe first US WW II bombing mission in the Far East, Luzon, Philippines
 
 
  1941  CEThe first WW II liberty ship, freighter Patrick Henry, launched
 
 
  1941  CETrial against resistance fighter comte d'Estienne d'Orves begins
 
 
  1941  CEUS President Franklin Delano Roosevelt proclaimes an "unlimited national emergency" due to Germany's sinking of Robin Moor
 
 
  1941  CEUSS Reuben James torpedoed by Germans, even though US is not in war
 
 
  1941  CEUSS Swordfish becomes 1st US sub to sink a Japanese ship
 
 
  1941  CEUtrecht & Zaandam strike against raid on Jews
 
 
  1941  CEWar Department forms 1st Army Air Corps squadron for black cadets
 
 
  1941  CEBritish Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Washington for a wartime conference.
 
 
  1941  CEBritish Prime Minister Winston Churchill becomes the first British PM to address a joint meeting of the US Congress, warning that the Axis would 'stop at nothing'.
 
 
  1941  CEYellow star becomes obligatory for Jews in the Reich to wear
 
 
  1941  CEFollowing the German invasion of the USSR, Mosfilm compiles short film reports, documentary sketches, satirical scenes, and musical numbers into several 'Fighting Film Albums' to aid the war effort.
 
 
  1941  CEUnited States government establishes Office of War Information to coordinate wartime propaganda with Hollywood. Frank Capra's seven-part 'Why We Fight' series is produced over the next two years.
 
 
10 Jan 1942  CEJapan invades North-Celebes, Dutch East Indies
 
 
11 Jan 1942  CEJapan conquers Kuala Lumpur, Malaya
 
 
28 Feb 1942  CEJapanese land in Java, last Allied bastion in Dutch East Indies
 
 
6 May 1942  CEJapaneese army captures Corregidor and the Philippines surrender to Japan
 
 
3 Jun 1942  CEUSS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island
 
 
25 Jun 1942  CEBritish RAF staged a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen in Germany
 
 
  1942  CE1,000 Canadian & British soldiers killed raiding Dieppe, France
 
 
  1942  CE1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF's raid of WWII
 
 
  1942  CE1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz
 
 
  1942  CE1,800 Czechoslovakians murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich
 
 
  1942  CE15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta.
 
 
  1942  CE16,000 Jews killed in Pinsk Russia
 
 
  1942  CE2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
 
 
  1942  CE234 RAF bombers attack Lübeck
 
 
  1942  CE2nd Norwegian government of Quisling forms
 
 
  1942  CE3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
 
 
  1942  CE3 German battle cruisers escape via Channel to Brest N Germany
 
 
  1942  CE6 convicted Nazi saboteurs who landed in US executed in Wash DC
 
 
  1942  CE7,000 Jews rounded up in Vichy Free Zone of France
 
 
  1942  CE700 Jews of Polish Lvov-district reach Belzec Concentration camp
 
 
  1942  CEAbout 150 Japanese warplanes attacked the Australian city of Darwin
 
 
  1942  CEAdmiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon
 
 
  1942  CEAllied Conference for war trials
 
 
  1942  CEAllies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
 
 
  1942  CEAmerican-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command forms
 
 
  1942  CEAnglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
 
 
  1942  CEBattle of Bataan-US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japs at Bataan
 
 
  1942  CEBattle of Coral Sea begun (1st sea battle fought solely in air)
 
 
  1942  CEBattle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
 
 
  1942  CEBattle of Coral Sea ends; Aircraft carrier Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack
 
 
  1942  CEBattle of Java Sea began 13 US warships sunk-2 Japanese
 
 
  1942  CEBattle of Midway begins; Japan's 1st major defeat in WW II
 
 
  1942  CEBelgian Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star
 
 
  1942  CEBelzec Concentration Camp opens-30,000 Lublin Polish Jews transported
 
 
  1942  CEBritain convoy PQ16 departs to Russia
 
 
  1942  CEBritish assault on Diego Suarez Madagascar
 
 
  1942  CEBritish cruiser Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
 
 
  1942  CEBritish destroyer Campbeltown explodes in St-Nazaire; 400 Germans die
 
 
  1942  CEBritish naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire
 
 
  1942  CEBritish troops reconquer Sollum
 
 
  1942  CEBritish troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
 
 
  1942  CEConvoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia
 
 
  1942  CEConvoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
 
 
  1942  CEDuring WW II Germany completes their occupation of France
 
 
  1942  CEDuring WW II, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt
 
 
  1942  CEDutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler
 
 
  1942  CEFood 1st rationed in US
 
 
  1942  CEFrench navy at Toulon scuttles ships & subs so Nazis don't take them
 
 
  1942  CEGasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)
 
 
  1942  CEGeneral Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander
 
 
  1942  CEGeneral MacArthur vows, "I shall return"
 
 
  1942  CEGeneral Timoshenko's troops move into Ukraine
 
 
  1942  CEGerman & Italian troops occupy Benghazi
 
 
  1942  CEGerman battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb
 
 
  1942  CEGerman forces attack Stalingrad
 
 
  1942  CEGerman occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
 
 
  1942  CEGerman offensive in North-Africa under Colonel-General Rommel
 
 
  1942  CEGerman submarine U-585 sinks
 
 
  1942  CEGerman submarines attack Aruba oil refinery
 
 
  1942  CEGerman summer offensive opens in Crimea
 
 
  1942  CEGerman troops in Bardia surrender
 
 
  1942  CEGerman troops occupy Benghazi Libya
 
 
  1942  CEGerman U-boat shells at Antillian oil refinery
 
 
  1942  CEGerman U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast
 
 
  1942  CEHitler orders 10,000 Czechoslovakians murdered
 
 
  1942  CEHitler's Operation Seelöwe (invasion of England) cancelled
 
 
  1942  CEIllegal Free Netherlands announces boycott of theaters
 
 
  1942  CEInterallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration
 
 
  1942  CEItalian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim
 
 
  1942  CEItalian supreme command demands dismissal of German marshal Rommel
 
 
  1942  CEJames H Doolittle bombed Tokyo & other Japanese cities
 
 
  1942  CEJapan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese air raid on Rabaul New Britain
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese forces captures Rangoon Burma
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese forces invade Burma
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese forces retreat, ending Battle of Midway
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese invade Burma
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese parachutists land near oil center Palembang Sumatra
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese sub fires on oil refinery in Ellwood CA
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese troop land on North-Sumatra
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese troop land on Timor
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese troop march into Batavia
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese troops conquer Kalewa
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese troops land at oil center Balikpapan in Borneo
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese troops land near Makassar, South Celebes
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese troops land on Ambon
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese troops occupy Mandalay Burma
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese troops occupy Manila Philippines
 
 
  1942  CEJapanese troops occupy Rabaul New Britain
 
 
  1942  CEKNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
 
 
  1942  CELaunch of the first A-4/V-2 rocket to an altitude of 53 miles (85 km).
 
 
  1942  CELieutenant E H O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers
 
 
  1942  CELuftwaffe bombs Canterbury
 
 
  1942  CELuftwaffe bombs Exeter
 
 
  1942  CEMajor German assault on Malta.
 
 
  1942  CEMassacre at Lidice (Czechoslovakia) Gestapo kills 173
 
 
  1942  CEMéxico declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan
 
 
  1942  CEMontgomery (Br) defeats Rommel (Ger) in battle of Alamein (WW II)
 
 
  1942  CENatl Boxing Association freezes titles of those serving in armed services
 
 
  1942  CENazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
 
 
  1942  CENazi occupiers in Netherlands arrests 2,000 Dutch officers
 
 
  1942  CENazi officials hold notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin deciding on "final solution" calling for extermination of Europe's Jews
 
 
  1942  CENazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
 
 
  1942  CENazi's arrest Frans Goedhart & Wiardi Beckman
 
 
  1942  CENazis burn village of Lidice Bohemia, as reprisal of killing Heydrich
 
 
  1942  CENazis execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
 
 
  1942  CENazis require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star
 
 
  1942  CEOperation "Torch" began as US & British forces land in French N Africa
 
 
  1942  CEPremier Churchill and General Marshall fly to Florida.
 
 
  1942  CEPro-British Clandestine Radio Diego Suarez's final transmission.
 
 
  1942  CERadio Orange calls for March 1 day of prayer in the Dutch Indies.
 
 
  1942  CERadio Orange calls to defy order to wear 'Jewish star'.
 
 
  1942  CEReichsführer Himmler arrives in Prague
 
 
  1942  CERommel takes Tobruk in North Africa
 
 
  1942  CERussia launches winter offensive against Germans along the Don front
 
 
  1942  CERussia occupies Crackow, until August 23, 1943
 
 
  1942  CESingapore surrenders to the Japanese
 
 
  1942  CESS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki labor camp
 
 
  1942  CESteward Poon Lim set adrift for 133 days after his boat was torpedoed
 
 
  1942  CESuriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews
 
 
  1942  CETank battle at Adzjedabia, African corps vs British army
 
 
  1942  CETank battle at Bir Hakeim: African corps vs British army
 
 
  1942  CEThe first "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau Camps
 
 
  1942  CEThe first 700 Jews from Polish Lvov-district reach concentration camp Belzec
 
 
  1942  CEThe first American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Is
 
 
  1942  CEThe first bazooka rocket gun produced Bridgeport Ct
 
 
  1942  CEThe first bombing on continental US soil, Mount Emily Or (WW2)
 
 
  1942  CEThe first cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee
 
 
  1942  CEThe first combat flight for Canada's Avro Lancaster military plane
 
 
  1942  CEThe first deportation train leaves Paris France for Auschewitz Concentration Camp
 
 
  1942  CEThe first Japanese air raid on Java
 
 
  1942  CEThe first powered flight of V-1 buzz bomb, Peenemonde, Germany, reached 1.3 km
 
 
  1942  CEThe first RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau
 
 
  1942  CEThe first transport of British/Dutch prisoners to South Burma
 
 
  1942  CEThe first transport of French Jews to Nazi-Germany
 
 
  1942  CEThe first US force in Europe during WWII goes ashore in Northern Ireland.
 
 
  1942  CEThe first weapon drop on Netherlands
 
 
  1942  CEThe first WW II American expeditionary force lands in Africa (Gold Coast)
 
 
  1942  CETop German Nazi Reinhard Heydrich is shot & mortally wounded in Prague
 
 
  1942  CEUS & USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II
 
 
  1942  CEUS aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbour
 
 
  1942  CEUS auto factories switch from commercial to war production
 
 
  1942  CEUS begins rationing sugar during WWII
 
 
  1942  CEUS bombers staged 1st independent raid on Europe attack Rouen, France
 
 
  1942  CEUS bombers struck Italian mainland for 1st time in WW II
 
 
  1942  CEUS Congress advises FDR that, Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn't oppose the US war effort
 
 
  1942  CEUS Joint Chiefs of Staff created
 
 
  1942  CEUS Minimum draft age lowered from 21 to 18
 
 
  1942  CEUS move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers
 
 
  1942  CEUS National War Labor Board created
 
 
  1942  CEUS Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
 
 
  1942  CEUS navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
 
 
  1942  CEUS President Franklin Delano Roosevelt orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans
 
 
  1942  CEUS President Franklin Delano Roosevelt orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non military duty
 
 
  1942  CEUS ship Hornet sunk in Battle of Santa Cruz Islands during WW II
 
 
  1942  CEUS Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) is founded
 
 
  1942  CEVoice of America begins broadcasting (in German)
 
 
  1942  CEWerner Heisenberger informs Nazis about uranium project "Wunderwaffen"
 
 
  1942  CEWilliam Knudsen becomes 1st civilian appointed a General in US army
 
 
  1942  CEWWII Navy flier Don Mason sends message "Sighted sub sank same"
 
 
  1942  CEWWII siege of Bataan starts
 
 
  1942  CEWW II romantic drama 'Casablanca', starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman, debuts as one of the most popular films of all time.
 
 
  1942  CEMalta is awarded the George Cross by King George VI, Britain's highest civilian decoration, for heroism.
 
 
14 Jan 1943  CEBritish Prime Minister Winston Churchill, French General de Gaulle and US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt meet in Casablanca concerning WWII.
 
 
23 Jan 1943  CEBritish 8th army captures Tripoli
 
 
10 Feb 1943  CEBritish 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia
 
 
26 Jul 1943  CEItallian leader Mussolini resigns and is arrested
 
 
8 Sep 1943  CEItaly surrenders to the Allies
 
 
13 Oct 1943  CEItaly declares war on former ally Germany
 
 
  1943  CE335 allied bombers attack Neurenberg
 
 
  1943  CE4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others
 
 
  1943  CE6 British Mosquito's daylight bomb Berlin
 
 
  1943  CE826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund
 
 
  1943  CE8th Army sweeps through North Africa to Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CE97% of all Dutch physicians strike againt Nazi registration
 
 
  1943  CE99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission (over Italy)
 
 
  1943  CEAdmiral Cunningham of British fleet: "Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass"
 
 
  1943  CEAdmiral Dönitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean
 
 
  1943  CEAirship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks
 
 
  1943  CEAldemarin (Ned) & Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed & sinks
 
 
  1943  CEAllied bombers attack Pantelleria in the Mediterranean Sea
 
 
  1943  CEAllied forces captured Naples during WW II
 
 
  1943  CEAllied reconnaissance flight over Java
 
 
  1943  CEAllied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEAllies invade Italy
 
 
  1943  CEAmsterdam resistance group CS-6 shoots Nazi General Seyffardt
 
 
  1943  CEAnti fascist strikes in Italy
 
 
  1943  CEAnti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting.
 
 
  1943  CEAssassination attempt on Van de Peat at Amsterdams census bureau
 
 
  1943  CEBattle at Medenine, North-Africa; Rommels assault attack
 
 
  1943  CEBattle of Komandorski Islands, Pacific Ocean
 
 
  1943  CEBattle of Stalingrad ends with final surrender of the German army, turning point of WWII
 
 
  1943  CEBerlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
 
 
  1943  CEBomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die
 
 
  1943  CEBritish & US army link up in Africa during WW II
 
 
  1943  CEBritish 11th Huzaren occupies Tunis Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEBritish 1st army opens assault on Tunis
 
 
  1943  CEBritish 1st army recaptures Sejenane
 
 
  1943  CEBritish militia reaches Tito
 
 
  1943  CEBritish offensive against Mareth-line
 
 
  1943  CEBritish Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in the US.
 
 
  1943  CEBritish Prime Minister Winston Churchill gets pneumonia.
 
 
  1943  CEBritish sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst
 
 
  1943  CECanadian Army troops arrive in North Africa
 
 
  1943  CEClandestine Radio Atlantiksender, Germany, begins its first transmissions.
 
 
  1943  CEConfederacy of Algiers (Churchill-Marshall-Eisenhower)
 
 
  1943  CECount Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel
 
 
  1943  CEDelft opposition group-Pahud de Mortanges overthrown
 
 
  1943  CEDutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews
 
 
  1943  CEDutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps
 
 
  1943  CEDutch Roman Catholic bishops protest against persecution of Jews
 
 
  1943  CEDutch work week extended to 54 hour
 
 
  1943  CEEisenhower & Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice
 
 
  1943  CEElin K (No) & Zaanland (Netherlands) torpedoed & sinks
 
 
  1943  CEFailed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight
 
 
  1943  CEFinal convoy of Jews from Salonika Greece arrive at Auschwitz
 
 
  1943  CEFrance transfers most of her powers in Lebanon to Lebanese government.
 
 
  1943  CEFrankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat & soy meal)
 
 
  1943  CEFrench defiance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris
 
 
  1943  CEFrench General De Gaulle arrives in Algiers
 
 
  1943  CEFrench, British & US victory parade in Tunis Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEGeneral Eisenhower departs Algiers to Tebessa
 
 
  1943  CEGeneral Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe
 
 
  1943  CEGeneral Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad
 
 
  1943  CEGeneral-Major Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh
 
 
  1943  CEGeneral-Major Bradley flies to Algiers
 
 
  1943  CEGeneral-Major Bradley flies to Washington DC
 
 
  1943  CEGeneral-Major Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEGerman & Italian forces in Africa surrender
 
 
  1943  CEGerman 2nd SS-Pantzer division evacuates Charkow
 
 
  1943  CEGerman assault moves to Beja North Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEGerman assault on French in Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEGerman assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, General Eisenhower visits front
 
 
  1943  CEGerman counter attack on US lines in Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEGerman occupiers confiscate all radios
 
 
  1943  CEGerman occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier
 
 
  1943  CEGerman offensive at Western Dorsalgebergte Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEGerman offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEGerman plane sinks boat loaded with Palestinian Jews bound for Malta.
 
 
  1943  CEGerman riots at "plutocratenzoontjes", 1,200 in Vught Camp
 
 
  1943  CEGerman tanks under Brigadier General Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass Tunesia
 
 
  1943  CEGerman troops destroy synagogue of Warsaw
 
 
  1943  CEGerman troops in Tunisia North Africa surrender
 
 
  1943  CEGerman troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEGerman troops vacate Jefna Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEGerman U-384 bombed & sinks
 
 
  1943  CEGerman under officers shot down in Haarlem Netherlands
 
 
  1943  CEGerman Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes
 
 
  1943  CEGreek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps
 
 
  1943  CEHalifax bombers sinks U-463
 
 
  1943  CEHeinrich Himmler views Warsaw
 
 
  1943  CEHermann Goering-division in Tunisia surrenders
 
 
  1943  CEHitler declares "Total War"
 
 
  1943  CEHitler orders nazi troops at Stalingrad to fight to death
 
 
  1943  CEHitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to General - field marshal
 
 
  1943  CEHitler visits field marshal von Mansteins headquarters in Zaporozje
 
 
  1943  CEJames Oglethorpe (US) & Terkolei (Netherlands), torpedoed & sinks
 
 
  1943  CEJapanese driven off Guadalcanal
 
 
  1943  CEJapanese evacuate Guadalcanal, epic battle ends
 
 
  1943  CEJapanese government in Java limits sale & use of motorcars
 
 
  1943  CEJapanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured
 
 
  1943  CEJewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
 
 
  1943  CEJewish patients/nurses/doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau
 
 
  1943  CEJewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto ends after 30 days of fighting
 
 
  1943  CEJews attack Nazi occupation forces at Warsaw Ghetto
 
 
  1943  CEJews in the Warsaw Ghetto begin resistance of Nazis
 
 
  1943  CEJews riot against Germany in Amsterdam
 
 
  1943  CEJoint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion in Sicily for July 10th
 
 
  1943  CEJomo Kenyatta of Kenya convicted of involvement with Mau Mau
 
 
  1943  CELiberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched
 
 
  1943  CELoad of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station
 
 
  1943  CEMeat, butter & cheese rationed in US during WWII (784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI's)
 
 
  1943  CEMussert forms pro Nazi shadow cabinet (Netherlands)
 
 
  1943  CENazi Militia forms in Netherlands
 
 
  1943  CENazis arrest Dutch sons of rich parents
 
 
  1943  CEOperation-Weiss Assault of German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian
 
 
  1943  CEPremier Churchill & General Marshall fly from US to North Africa
 
 
  1943  CEPT-109 rammed & sunk
 
 
  1943  CERAF bombs Essen Germany
 
 
  1943  CERAF bombs Möhne & Eder (Battle of Ruhr)
 
 
  1943  CERAF scatters 1st copies of "The Flying Hollander"
 
 
  1943  CERed army conquers Kharkov
 
 
  1943  CERed Army evacuates Belgorod
 
 
  1943  CERed Army evacuates Kharkov
 
 
  1943  CERed Army recaptures Kursk
 
 
  1943  CERed Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad
 
 
  1943  CERoosevelt, Churchill and Chiang Kai-shek meet to discuss ways to defeat Japan.
 
 
  1943  CERoosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met at Tehran to map out strategy.
 
 
  1943  CERussian offensive against German 6th/4th Armies near Stalingrad
 
 
  1943  CERussian offensive at Don under General Golikov
 
 
  1943  CESea battle in Bismarck Sea finishes, US & Australia win
 
 
  1943  CEShoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942)
 
 
  1943  CESign on Munich facade "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22
 
 
  1943  CESoviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad
 
 
  1943  CESoviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
 
 
  1943  CESoviet troops liberate Wjasma
 
 
  1943  CESoviets announce they broke the long Nazi siege of Leningrad
 
 
  1943  CERussia recaptures Rostov
 
 
  1943  CESS police chief Rauter threatens to kill half Jewish children
 
 
  1943  CEStalin disbands Komintern.
 
 
  1943  CEThe first Spitfire in action above Darwin, Australia, Mu Ki-46 shot down
 
 
  1943  CEThe first transport from Westerbork Netherlands to Sobibor concentration camp
 
 
  1943  CEThe first transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught
 
 
  1943  CEThe first US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)
 
 
  1943  CEThe first US air raid on Ambon
 
 
  1943  CETransport nr 47 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
 
 
  1943  CETransport nr 50 departs with French Jews to Maidanek/Sobibor
 
 
  1943  CETrident conference in Washington DC (operation plan '43 against Japan)
 
 
  1943  CEU-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje
 
 
  1943  CEUS & Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China
 
 
  1943  CEUS 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEUS 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEUS 7th division lands on Attu, Aleutian, (1st US territory recaptured)
 
 
  1943  CEUS 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEUS begins assault on Fondouk-pass, Tunisia
 
 
  1943  CEUS defeats Japan & wins Battle of Bismark Sea
 
 
  1943  CEUS errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326
 
 
  1943  CEUS forbids racial discrimination in war industry
 
 
  1943  CEUS forces land on Tarawa & Makin Atoll in the Gilbert Island
 
 
  1943  CEUS forces overran New Georgia in Solomon Islands during WW II
 
 
  1943  CEUS forces seized control of Tarawa & Makin from Japanese
 
 
  1943  CEUS infantry captures Galloping Horse-ridge Guadalcanal
 
 
  1943  CEUS President Franklin Delano Roosevelt appoints General Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied forces
 
 
  1943  CEUS President Franklin Delano Roosevelt orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry
 
 
  1943  CEUS President Franklin Delano Roosevelt signs withholding tax bill into law
 
 
  1943  CEUS Presliced bread sale banned to reduce bakery demand for metal parts
 
 
  1943  CEUS troops reconquer Attu Aleutians
 
 
  1943  CEUS Women's Marine Corps created
 
 
  1943  CEUSS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean
 
 
  1943  CEVan der Veen Resistance starts fire in Amsterdam employment bureau
 
 
  1943  CEVice-Admiral Cunningham appointed British Admiral of fleet
 
 
  1943  CEWithdrawing Africa Corps reaches Mareth-line in North-Africa
 
 
22 Jan 1944  CEAllies land at Anzio in Italy
 
 
6 Mar 1944  CEUS Air Force begins daylight bombing of Berlin
 
 
18 May 1944  CEBombing & shooting at Monte Cassino convent Italy, begins
 
 
4 Jun 1944  CEFifth Army marches into Rome
 
 
6 Jun 1944  CED-Day: 150,000 Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France
 
 
13 Jun 1944  CEThe first V-2 rocket attack lands in Britain.
 
 
14 Oct 1944  CEGerman Field Marshal Erwin Rommel commits suicide rather than face trial for his part in an attempt to overthrow Hitler
 
 
19 Oct 1944  CEUS forces land in Philipines
 
 
12 Nov 1944  CEBritish RAF sink the last big German warship, the battleship "Tirpitz" off Norway
 
 
  1944  CE1,000 Jews leave Drancy France for Auschwitz Concentration Camp
 
 
  1944  CE14,000 Jews of Munkacs Hungary deported to Auschwitz
 
 
  1944  CE15,000 American troops liberating Paris march down Champs Elysees
 
 
  1944  CE2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
 
 
  1944  CE240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork Netherlands
 
 
  1944  CE25,000 Hungarian Jews are loaned to the Nazis for forced labor
 
 
  1944  CE285 German bombers attack London
 
 
  1944  CE33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death
 
 
  1944  CE358 RAF-bombers attack Stettin
 
 
  1944  CE40 Jewish policemen in Riga Latvia ghetto are shot by the gestapo
 
 
  1944  CE447 German bombers attack London
 
 
  1944  CE4th US marine division conquerors Roi, Marshall Islands
 
 
  1944  CE5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death
 
 
  1944  CE5th Army enters & liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies
 
 
  1944  CE600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin
 
 
  1944  CE649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
 
 
  1944  CE683 British bombers attack Berlin
 
 
  1944  CE705 British bombers attack Essen
 
 
  1944  CE76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (the Great Escape)
 
 
  1944  CE781 British bombers attack Neurenberg
 
 
  1944  CE811 British bombers attack Berlin
 
 
  1944  CE82nd Airborne division D-day-landing at La Haye du Puits to Ste Mère Eglise
 
 
  1944  CE891 British bombers attack Berlin
 
 
  1944  CE900+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brüx
 
 
  1944  CE91 German bombers harass Bristol
 
 
  1944  CEAlbania liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
 
 
  1944  CEAllied air raid on Surabaja, Java
 
 
  1944  CEAllied breakthrough in Italy
 
 
  1944  CEAllied forces liberate Luxembourg
 
 
  1944  CEAllied troops 1st set foot on Japanese territory
 
 
  1944  CEAllied troops occupy Nettuno Italy
 
 
  1944  CEAllies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks)
 
 
  1944  CEAllies liberate Brussels
 
 
  1944  CEAnne Frank (Diary of Anne Frank), is sent to Auschwitz
 
 
  1944  CEAnne Frank (of Diary fame) is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen
 
 
  1944  CEAnne Frank, 15, (Diary of Anne Frank) is arrested by Nazis
 
 
  1944  CEBandleader, Major Glenn Miller, lost over English Channel
 
 
  1944  CEBattle of Anzio (Italy); Allies stopped on the beach
 
 
  1944  CEBattle of Arnhem, Germans defeat British airborne in Netherlands
 
 
  1944  CEBattle of Bastogne, Nazis surround 101st Airborne (NUTS!)
 
 
  1944  CEBattle of Bastogne-US troops repulse the Germans
 
 
  1944  CEBattle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; US victory on Feb 22
 
 
  1944  CEBattle of the Bulge begins in Belgium
 
 
  1944  CEBelgium resistance fighter/author Kamiel van Baelen arrested
 
 
  1944  CEBomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die
 
 
  1944  CEBoulogne reoccupied by Allies
 
 
  1944  CEBritish troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia
 
 
  1944  CEBritish troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma
 
 
  1944  CEBritish troops occupy Aprilia Italy
 
 
  1944  CEBritish troops occupy Kohima
 
 
  1944  CEBritish/Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo Italy
 
 
  1944  CEBulgaria liberated from Nazi control (often referred to as the invasion of Bulgaria by Russia) (National Day)
 
 
  1944  CECalais reoccupied by Allies
 
 
  1944  CECherbourg, France captured by Allies
 
 
  1944  CEChildren's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
 
 
  1944  CEChinese counter offensive at Hunan front
 
 
  1944  CEChinese offensive in West-Yunnan
 
 
  1944  CEChinese/US arm forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma
 
 
  1944  CECorvette Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean
 
 
  1944  CECrakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established
 
 
  1944  CEDeportation of 70,000 jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins
 
 
  1944  CEDestroyers "Hull", "Spence" & "Monaghan" sink in typhoon (Phillippines)
 
 
  1944  CEDuring WW II, George Bush ejects from a burning plane
 
 
  1944  CEDuring WWII, US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
 
 
  1944  CEDutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
 
 
  1944  CEEisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill and George VI discuss the D-Day plan.
 
 
  1944  CEEuropean Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany
 
 
  1944  CEExpulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans
 
 
  1944  CEFailed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat Amsterdam
 
 
  1944  CEGeneral Clark replaces General Patton as commander of 7th Army
 
 
  1944  CEGeneral Eisenhower arrives in England
 
 
  1944  CEGeneral Eisenhower postpones S France invasion until after Normandy
 
 
  1944  CEGeneral Eisenhower sets D-Day for June 5th
 
 
  1944  CEGeneral Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London
 
 
  1944  CEGeneral Rommel, Speidel & von Stülpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler
 
 
  1944  CEGerman assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia
 
 
  1944  CEGerman defense line in Italy collapsed
 
 
  1944  CEGerman troops re-conquer Aprilia Italy
 
 
  1944  CEGermans demand surrender of American troops at Bastogne, Belgium
 
 
  1944  CEGermans launch counter-offensive at Anzio Italy
 
 
  1944  CEGermany troop executes 335 residents of Rome
 
 
  1944  CEHitler begins attack on English/US "terror pilots"
 
 
  1944  CEHungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars
 
 
  1944  CEIn occupied Rome, Nazis executed more than 300 civilians
 
 
  1944  CEItalian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
 
 
  1944  CEJapanese advance in Hangkhou China
 
 
  1944  CEJapanese navy defeated at battle of Leyte Gulf
 
 
  1944  CEJapanese-Americans released from detention camps
 
 
  1944  CEJapans begins offensive in Burma
 
 
  1944  CEKrim purged of Nazi troops
 
 
  1944  CELeningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days with 600,000 killed
 
 
  1944  CEMeat rationing ends in US
 
 
  1944  CEMesserschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight
 
 
  1944  CENazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) buzz-bomb attacks
 
 
  1944  CENazi Germany occupies Hungary
 
 
  1944  CEOperation Straightline: Allies land in Netherlands New-Guinea
 
 
  1944  CEOperation-Buffalo: Allied jailbreak out Anzio-bridgehead
 
 
  1944  CEOperation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June
 
 
  1944  CEParis liberated from Nazi occupation
 
 
  1944  CEPartisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
 
 
  1944  CEPolish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino Italy
 
 
  1944  CERAF drops 2300 ton bombs on Berlin
 
 
  1944  CERAF Sergeant Nickolas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet without a parachute
 
 
  1944  CERussian offensive against Sebastopol Krim
 
 
  1944  CESecret Police arrest Gerrit Van de Peat
 
 
  1944  CESoviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow
 
 
  1944  CESoviet army invades Hungary
 
 
  1944  CESoviet troops enter Bucharest Romania
 
 
  1944  CESoviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
 
 
  1944  CESoviet troops invade Yugoslavia
 
 
  1944  CESupreme Soviet enlarges soviet republics' autonomy
 
 
  1944  CESurprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails
 
 
  1944  CEThe first B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
 
 
  1944  CEThe first B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure
 
 
  1944  CEThe first B-29 raid against mainland Japan
 
 
  1944  CEThe first Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
 
 
  1944  CEThe first female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
 
 
  1944  CEThe first of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz
 
 
  1944  CEThe first submarine captured & boarded on high seas-U 505
 
 
  1944  CETransport nr 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
 
 
  1944  CEU-264 sinks off Ireland
 
 
  1944  CEU-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland
 
 
  1944  CEU-358 sinks in Atlantic
 
 
  1944  CEU-424 sunk off Ireland
 
 
  1944  CEU-575 sinks Asphodel
 
 
  1944  CEU-592 sunk off Ireland
 
 
  1944  CEU-666/U-545/U-283 sink off Ireland
 
 
  1944  CEU-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland
 
 
  1944  CEU-762 sunk off Ireland
 
 
  1944  CEUS 1st army begins battle of Aachen
 
 
  1944  CEUS 1st Army completes invasion plan
 
 
  1944  CEUS 1st army wins battle of Aachen
 
 
  1944  CEUS 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein
 
 
  1944  CEUS 7th Infantry/25th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur
 
 
  1944  CEUS 8th Air Force bombs Enschede, Arnhem & Nijmegen by mistake/800+ die
 
 
  1944  CEUS Army announces end of excluding Japanese-Americans from West Coast
 
 
  1944  CEUS begins night bombing of Truk
 
 
  1944  CEUS bombers based on Saipan, 1st attack Tokyo
 
 
  1944  CEUS forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific
 
 
  1944  CEUS forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
 
 
  1944  CEUS forces under Gen Douglas MacArthur return to the Philippines
 
 
  1944  CEUS invades Majuro, Marshall Islands
 
 
  1944  CEUS President Franklin Delano Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill meet in Canada at the 2nd Quebec Conference.
 
 
  1944  CEUS takes Eniwetok Island
 
 
  1944  CEUS troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands
 
 
  1944  CEVichy Internal minister Pucheu sentenced to death
 
 
  1944  CEVught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
 
 
  1944  CEWinston Churchill & Geneal de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh.
 
 
17 Jan 1945  CELiberation of Warsaw by Soviet troops ending Nazi occupation.
 
 
26 Jan 1945  CESoviet troops liberate Auschwitz.
 
 
13 Feb 1945  CEAllied planes begin a two-day bombing Dresden Germany. 135,000 die in the firestorm that follows.
 
 
 Feb 1945  CEYalta agreement signed by Franklin D Roosavelt, Churchill and Stalin. The Summit ratifies a divided postwar Europe.
 
 
30 Mar 1945  CESoviet troops capture Danzig.
 
 
12 Apr 1945  CEAllies liberate 1st Nazi concentration camp, 'Buchenwald', in Czechoslovakia.
 
 
12 Apr 1945  CEAllies liberate Belsen concentration camp.
 
 
16 Apr 1945  CEUS 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg.
 
 
21 Apr 1945  CERussia takes Berlin and General Weidling surrenders.
 
 
28 Apr 1945  CEMussolini is captured and hanged by Italian partisans.
 
 
29 Apr 1945  CEUS 7th Army liberates Nazi concentration camp in Dachau, Germany.
 
 
30 Apr 1945  CEAdolf Hitler commits suicide (still desputed by some).
 
 
8 May 1945  CEV-E Day; Germany signs unconditional surrender, WWII ends in Europe.
 
 
9 May 1945  CEHermann Goring is captured by members of the US 7th Army.
 
 
23 May 1945  CESS Reichsführer Himmler commits suicide.
 
 
 May 1945  CEGermany surrenders.